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Sonata can be exemplified in two ways.

  1. A composition for solo instrument (usually piano), or
  2. a composition for a solo instrument accompanied by piano.

In the classical period a sonata would normally contain 3 movements – a fast movement, a slow movement and a final fast movement. As the style developed through the classical and romantic periods, sonatas often became longer and composers began to add in additional movements.


A piano sonata by Mozart.

A piano sonata by Chopin.

A sonata for solo violin by Bach.

A sonata for flute and piano.

A sonata for trumpet and piano.

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