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Microphones vary in the way that they respond and pickup sounds coming from different directions. There are 4 polar patterns (or, pickup patterns) you are required to know.
- Good for close-mic’ing a sound source
- Broad-angle pickup of sound sources in front of mic
- Maximum refection of sound approaching the rear of the mic
- Excellent for close-mic’ing a sound source
- Maximum side rejection of sound source
- Maximum isolation – pick up less reverberation, leakage, feedback and background noise
- Front and rear pickup, side sound rejected.
- Perfect for two-part vocal groups or across table interviews
- Used in specialist stereo recording applications
- All-around pickup
- Most pickup of room reverberation/ambience
- Not much isolation (potential spillage/leakage issues)
- Low sensitivity to 'pops' (explosive 'p's, 'b's and breath sounds)
- Low handling noise